Thousands of trekkers from all over the globe dream of reaching the Everest Base Camp. Trekking through the area of Everest considered to be a hub for climbing and mountain lovers, you get a sense of grandeur. With this travel guide, We offer free information that will help a lot to both independent trekkers and those going with a trekking agency. For the independent trekkers, We recommend you to at least take a porter while on this trek. Having a porter will help you a lot while traveling through this challenging everest trekking trail. Don’t forget to give someone details of your travel plans and let them know when you will get in touch with them during or after the trek. Make sure you have insurance that covers trekking at high altitude. This guide gives you an idea on where to go, how to get there, what to expect regarding weather, trails, food, where to stay, and what to pack. While trek to everest base camp.
The typical EBC trek begins from Lukla and heads through the Khumbu Valley to the Everest Base Camp located on the southern side of Mt. Everest. However, most of the trekker’s adventures begin from Kathmandu. From here, you will take a short but scenic flight to Lukla from where your trip starts on foot. The flight itself is a memorable experience; you will get a view of some of the majestic mountain peaks from the plane. The whole journey, including the trek, generally lasts between 14 to 16 days (2/3 days for acclimatization, 12 days of actual trekking). For those wanting to enjoy the trip overland, you can opt for Jiri to Everest Base Camp Trek, which will give you a unique perception of the journey. This trip begins with a bus ride from Kathmandu to Jiri from where the trekking starts. As Jiri is quite far from Lukla, you have to add around 5days extra for this trip.
Below is a basic itinerary for a 14-days Everest Base Camp Trek.
Day 1: Kathmandu Arrival
Everest trekking if you are making the trip with an agency, they will provide airport transfers; otherwise, you can hop on one of the many taxis available at the airport. However, make sure to agree on a specific price before getting in the cab. Some taxis use meters, but it is rare. It will be best for you to stay in Thamel which is about 15minutes drive from the airport. You can find a variety of hotels in Thamel that provides different degrees of services.
Day 2: Kathmandu to Lukla, Trek to Phakding
If the weather is clear, you fly to Lukla in the morning. Due to weather, flights to Lukla tends to delay a lot. We advise building as much flexibility into your itinerary to cope up with the delays. If you are trekking with an agency, they will have arranged your flight. For independent trekkers, you can buy tickets at the airport for around 300USD. The trip to Lukla is one of the major attractions in the EBC trek. You will get some of the gorgeous views you have ever seen. Once you land, you will begin the trek from Lukla to Phakding. on the way, you will pass many fascinating boulders carved with Buddhist prayers.
Day 3: Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazar
On the third day, you will trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar via Mojo. Some people lessen this days’ trip by stopping in Mojo. On the way, you will enter the UNESCO recognized site, Sagarmatha National Park. After reaching Namche Bazaar, check into a lodge or tea house. Then, you will have enough time to wander around the streets of this famed mountain town. Namche Bazaar is a small market town inhabited by Sherpa and has numerous attractions, including the first glimpse of the giant, Mt. Everest.
Day 4: Namche Bazaar
This day is for you to acclimatize in the high altitude atmosphere. On this day, you can explore Namche Bazaar all you want. If it is Saturday, don’t forget to stop at the market. Most guides take you to the Everest View Hotel from where you can get a beautiful view of Mt. Everest and other Himalayan peaks. If the weather is clear, you can get views of majestic Ama Dablam in the foreground and the Everest in the back. The hotel also has wifi and offers to the visitors at a certain cost. So if you want to use wifi, you can use it here.
Day 5: Namche Bazaar to Tengboche
On this day, you trek from Namche Bazaar to Tengboche. Tengboche is famous for housing the great Tengboche monastery, the largest and oldest in the region. You might also move through the ancient Tibet-Nepal trading route over the Nanpa La pass to Thami.
Day 6: Tengboche to Pheriche
From Tengboche, you trek towards Pheriche. The route leads you through Pangboche from where you can get stunning views of the soaring Ama Dablam.
Day 7: Pheriche
The second stop for acclimatization is at Pheriche. You can involve in various activities in the area. You can visit the Tshola Tsho Lake, which is quite popular among the trekkers stopping in Pheriche. Or, you can visit the neighbor village, Dingboche. Here, you can get astonishing views of the Lhotse and Island Peak. Dingboche is also the starting point for the variation trek to Island Peak.
Day 8: Pheriche to Lobuche
The eighth day is long, and you will be climbing over 600 meters. Along the route, you will pass the famed Khumbu glacier, several memorials for those Sherpa and climbers who have died on Everest. You will also be able to witness Scott Fischer’s memorial. Likewise, you can get the view of the Lobuche east.
Day 9: Lobuche to Gorak Shep
Hike from Lobuche to the world’s highest permanently inhabited village, Gorak Shep. Here, you will stop for lunch break, then continue the trip towards Everest Base Camp. The stop point for trekkers is right before the actual base camp. Many tour groups are restricted from entering or stay in Everest Base Camp, so enjoy this opportunity to experience the limited excitement of the climbing groups. After capturing pictures and enjoying the views from the EBC, return to Gorak Shep, where you will spend the night.
Day 10: Gorak Shep to Kala Patthar, to Dingboche
The day begins early to catch the view of enchanting sunrise from Kala Patthar, the highest point of the EBC trek, which is just over 5500meters. The location and height of the Kala Patthar offer the best views of Everest, Nuptse, and Lhotse in the area (if the weather is clear). On this same day, you will climb down over 1000m to Dingboche, where you will spend the night.
Day 11: Dingboche to Namche Bazaar
Hike back to Namche Bazaar, passing from Tengboche. You can get some great photo opportunities while passing through the rhododendron forest and scenic hills.
Day 12: Namche Bazaar to Lukla
Hike down from Namche Bazaar to Lukla with a long day of the walk. You will spend the last night on the mountain in Lukla.
Day 13/14: Lukla to Kathmandu
Explore a whole day exploring Lukla. Or, board an early morning flight back to Kathmandu. Then, travel to your next destination.
Best time for Everest Base Camp Trek
The peak season for trekking to the Everest Base Camp is during Autumn (September, October, November) and Spring (March, April, May). You might face some difficulty while trekking to the Everest Base Camp in the months (December, January, February) winter and (June, July, August) fall. This does not mean you cannot trek in these seasons. If you can handle extreme cold, you can trek in winter, and if you don’t mind getting a little wet and slippery trail while trekking, you can trek in monsoon too. So, the best time depends upon the type of trekking you want to do.
Weather in Everest Base Camp
Many high passes remain closed during January, and the trails above Namche will be full of snows. Many locals from Dingboche, Namche, Khumjung, and Khunde migrates to Kathmandu for the winter, so many hotels and teahouse remains closed. As this is the winter season in Nepal, the temperature will be freezing in the Everest region. So, if you are trekking in this month, make sure to carry enough warm clothes and cold medicines.
The first half of March’s weather is mostly the same as those in January. However, by the end of March, the lakes start to melt, and locals start flying back to prepare for the coming season. Even though the weather is better than January, expect some occasional snowfalls.
April and May
This is one of the popular seasons for both trekkers and climbers. There will be a slight crowd of trekkers in the trails to EBC and also climbers waiting for ideal weather to conquer the summit.
June to August
This is the monsoon season in Nepal, so there will be very few trekkers on the trails. If you don’t mind getting a little wet and slippery trail while trekking, you can trek in this season too.
September to December
These are the peak seasons for trekking to the EBC. So, there will be huge crowds of trekkers on the trail to the Everest Base Camp. This season offers perfect weather to trekkers; however, you have to face some serious crowd. If you are trekking independently, you might also struggle to find rooms during this season.
Everest Base Camp Trek Difficulty
People believe that it is very strenuous to trek to Everest Base Camp, Which is far from the truth. The trekking requires no trekking experience and any mountaineering skills. You can see people of all ages and sizes complete the trek. However, you have to be in fine shape. You will be covering around 130km on this trip within just a couple
of weeks. So, expect to cover 15km per day, which means walking for 5-6hours per day. The most challenging part of the trek is the altitude and the rough trail. So before going for the Everest Base Camp Trek, be sure to do some cardio exercise. If you have not been to the gym for long, it is even more required to involve in certain exercises. You will be walking on some serious altitude where the air will be very thin. So, doing cardio helps a lot with this. Also, if you are traveling independently, don’t forget to leave out enough days for acclimatization. The most dangerous part of the trek is altitude sickness; if you do not get proper rest, then you will become prone to altitude sickness, which causes serious trouble. Also, we recommend you to take a few short hikes before the Everest Base Camp Trek.
Nepal Visa or Permit for the EBC Trek
If you aren’t a Nepalese or Indian citizen, you need to purchase a visa.The visa costs about 30 USD for 15 day’s, 50 USD for 30 days and 125 USD for 90 days. Typically, you can complete the itinerary within 15 days. But, we recommend you to purchase a permit for 30 days as there is always a possibility of delays.
You will also require a Trekkers Information Management System card (TIMS) as well as a Sagarmatha National Park Entry Permit. If you are traveling with a tour agency, they include costs for these all on their package. However, for those trekking independently, it costs $20 for the TIMS card, about $30 for the Sagarmatha entry permit and $20 for the Pasang Lhamu rural municipality entry. Bring at least four passport-sized photos for permits.
Packing for the Trek
Trek to everest base camp whichever time of the year you are everest trekking, you need some warm clothes as there is not warm weather in the Everest region. However, some special packing is required for those trekking in winter and monsoon season. For those trekking thinking of trekking during winter, carry lots of warm clothes as the temperature in the Everest trekking region will be freezing. Even though lodges provide blankets, be sure to carry your sleeping bags and down jackets. For those traveling in monsoon season, carry an umbrella, rain jacket, and waterproof boots.